The small South Pacific island of Niuatoputapu and its nearby volcanic cone Tafahi, along with a distant neighbor Niuafo‘ou, form a remote region known as the “Niuas,” located in the far north of the Tonga islands. At 0648 New Zealand Daylight Time on 30 September 2009 a magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred in the Pacific Ocean, south of Samoa. The devastation extended beyond human casualties with houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated. Page topic: "Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami of September 29, 2009". Explore content created by others. IFRC; Published 8 Nov 2011. [9] The water flowed inland about 100 yd (100 m) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud. Figure 1 shows the locations of water‐level stations in the region and the rupture determined by USGS through seismic data inversion. The tsunami was a wake-up call there. [16][17], Samoa evacuated people from the entire city of Apia, the country's capital city on the island of Upolu and moving thousands of residents to higher ground. [72] Most of the warnings were called off once it was clear that the tsunami threat had passed. Three earthquakes (measuring 8.1 and 7.8) triggered the tsunami that swept ashore, killing 192 people. According to the March 24 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 9.9% of the United States including Puerto Rico. These include Coconuts Beach Resort[25] and Sinalei Reef Resort and Spa[26] in the village of Siumu. The New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting to almost NZ$3.5 million. [52][53][54] The New Zealand government also pledged over NZ$12 million for relief efforts.[55]. [29] The cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to a height of 10–15 m (33–49 ft).[30]. [11] The water division of the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) announced that it will bring water in tanker trucks to affected villages. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. 1. David Gonzalez/FEMA. Niue was reported as reasonably safe because it is high. [37], The main impact in Tonga was in the northern part of the island kingdom where there were deaths, injuries and extensive damage[38] on Niuatoputapu, a flat coral island[39] 500 km north of the main island Tongatapu, and reportedly closest to the epicentre of the earthquake. The item American Samoa 2009 earthquake and tsunami : after-action report, Department of Homeland Security, Office of Inspector General, (electronic resource) represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Jacksonville Public Library. 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami: Earthquake: A submarine earthquake took place in the Samoan Islands region at 06:48:11 local time on 29 September 2009. Tutuila island, which is located 250 km from the earthquake epi-center, experienced tsunami flooding and strong currents on … This is an extremely rare event, known as a “doublet.”. [32], The Prime Minister made his first address to the nation, after the tsunami, on 1 October. On September 29, 2009, at 17:48 UTC (6:48 a.m. local time), a magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck midway between Samoa and American Samoa, a U.S. territory. The following peak-to-through wave heights were recorded: 3.14m at Pago Pago (American Samoa); 1.40m at Apia (Samoa); 0.47m at Rarotonga and 8 cm at Penrhyn (Cook Islands); 14 cm at Nukualofa (Tonga) and 11 cm at Papeete (French Polynesia). The tsunami arrived 15 minutes after the initial earthquake and was followed by four successive 15- to 20-foot-high waves, some of which traveled as far as 1 mile inland. UPDATE, 2:19 a.m. EST Bloomberg reports that the tsunami may have killed up to 120 people: Created community-driven evacuation maps and signage. (Map from the US Geological Survey website) (Note: I have posted a more comprehensive version of this blog entry on my Regional GeogBlog.) 30 September 2009: An 8.3-magnitude earthquake triggered a tsunami that swept away whole villages on the Pacific islands of Samoa and American Samoa Wed 30 Sep 2009 … [21], A Red Cross worker reported to Radio New Zealand that waves 10 feet (3 m) high had flattened beachside resorts on Upolu,[28] and that residents told him the tourist zone of Lalomanu had been crushed by a wall of water about 20–30 ft (6.1–9.1 m) high. Residents across French Polynesia were advised to avoid valleys and bays, tie up watercraft and listen to Réseau France Outre-mer (RFO) for further instruction. The US Army Corps of Engineers, Army Geospatial Center, prepared an emergency webpage for geological, hydrological and trafficability information for relief engineering and humanitarian aid. At a magnitude of 8.1, it was the largest earthquake of 2009.. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga.The Pacific Tsunami … The tsunami generated by the earthquake of September 29, 2009 was destructive along the coasts of Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga. [47], In the Marquesas Islands, some bays were nearly emptied of their water before a wave crashed back in and refilled the area. David Gonzalez/FEMA. 1. Prime Minister Malielegaoi lost two relatives in the tsunami, including the daughter of one of his nieces. The quake, which was located 11 miles below the seafloor in the triangle between Fiji, Samoa and Tonga, had a magnitude of 8.0 according the United States Geological Survey. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. Pacific Ring of Fire, Plate tectonics, Samoa, tsunami. Location of the earthquake epicenter and Samoa. [11] Residents were warned to conserve and boil water until safe drinking water supplies can be restored, which could take some time. Magnitude: 8.0. 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