I had Bayernfeige Violetta, and after it was identified as European Brown Turkey, I realized I actually had several others: Black Fig #1. Join the discussion today. Figs- brown turkey, celeste, and chicago hardy Figs - gallon sized plants $15 each larger $25 and $35 each Kiwi male and female (1 male to 6 female) strong vine plants needs arbor to grow on. Vancouver, WA Z 8b, soon to be Austin, TX Z 8b (Bring the heat!). Hardy Chicago ripens its figs from August until fall frost and will have some fruit in July. So, I’m going with similar – but different – varieties. It’s important to select a variety adapted to your climate, such as Brown Turkey, Chicago, or Celeste for colder areas. At this height, you can easily harvest the figs without a ladder. The Brown Turkey is a large fig with an "open" eye and not as sweet. Root constriction limits top growth, but promotes fruit formation. Has produced as many as 100 pints of figs in one season. The source I got them from probably had them since around 1960. There has been some recent comments on the forums about the differences between Celeste and the Southern (or Southeastern) Brown Turkey. I found with LaRadek that if I allowed it to ripen main crop figs, it did not give a heavy breba crop. Cheers! What began as a lifelong gardening fixation turned into a career for Jean Lien. Halligan- Here's a previous post on Hanc's EBT: I have a Vern’s BT . So, I’d say that Celeste. Young fig trees require regular watering, but once established they become highly drought tolerant. Celeste is called "Little Sugar Fig" but mine isn't "little" (compared to Dakota) and this year the Brown Turkey is sweeter. It was nowhere to be found in the US. Mutch Dutch people like them. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. I hope this helps dispel some of the confusion over “Brown Turkeys”. The poster was upset that they'd been able to restrict it as it was “just Brown Turkey”. This year i got my first RdB and was disappointment. New growth in the spring will often still produce a fruit crop, but for reliable fig production, protect the tree in winter. When I see photos of Celeste the fruit is usually amber in color. The english bts are late- breba split easily but main seem more sturdy & less prone to split given our dryer autumns here, even in smoky mtn daily fog. That is why I think Bullard was comparing CA Brown Turkey with Celeste, not SBT. Here is my theory. It’s a big fig. Fig trees (Ficus carica) grow well in areas that provide the eight hours of daily sun and moderate winters. (Neither - Hanc’s EBT isn’t a Brown Turkey at all - but Hanc Matheis, Left Hanc’s EBT, Right Eastern (Southern) Brown Turkey, So really knowledgeable fig folk were flummoxed. Although the fig will sprout new shoots from the roots in spring, fruit is generally produced on 2-year-old growth. Oddly enough, potted figs will bear heavier fruit crops than their in-ground counterparts. A few fig varieties, however, are adaptable for cold climates and extremes and will produce fruit on new wood. Brown Turkey figs have a deep brown-purple color on the outside and a paler pink color on the inside. Brown turkey fig can reach heights of 20 feet or more, but the tree responds well to pruning, so there’s no need to let it get so large. You buy a EBT for its breba crop. Just like another type. This didn’t work very well with most of these varieties. (062) Brown Turkey is another variety that can be planted in this area. This page was generated at 07:36 AM. When EBT breba its all you know, than its the best fig there is. I got a few brebas, then a few main crop figs at the end of the season. I have this fig to. discussion from the Chowhound Gardening, Turkey food community. Interesting. It took years to figure them out. Celeste (Blue Celeste, Celestial, and Little Brown Sugar) cultivar is probably the second most common fig in the southeastern United States, after Brown Turkey (Brunswick, Eastern Brown Turkey, Harrison, Lees Perpetual, Ramsey, Texas Everbearing). If it tastes good to you, it doesn’t matter what anyone else says about it. Often if virus laden figs can be pushed hard enough, they “out-grow” the worst of the virus symptoms. But I've never really given it much thought. I find the taste pleasant and sweet. Had a few looking so good but were bland dry yuckiness. Celeste Fig - Ficus carica; A brown fig, rich and sweet. Its hardy & productive but late & poor to medium quality overall.” I’m wondering if the poor to medium quality problem isn’t so much genetics as it is that the figs are late? Bullard and other experienced growers in the south thought there were enough important differences between Celeste and Southern Brown Turkey to consider them different varieties even though there are many similarities. On the other hand, no one who has seen California Brown Turkey and Celeste together would ever confuse them with each other. I believe the Brown Turkey is more popular fig than the Celeste. Glad its good! All times are GMT-5. My SBT run about 20g. Cover with a layer of plastic, then one of burlap or canvas. Good quality. in pots. Greenish brown: Two crops: Small: Good: Brown Turkey: Light with large, purple figs. Here they are clockwise from upper left: California Brown Turkey, European (English) Brown Turkey, and Eastern (Southern) Brown Turkey, As you can see they are very different. Although relatively cold hardy, 'Celeste' usually does not produce abundant fruit in years where winter injury is sustained. Yes you must be right its def a factor i hadnt considered. $15 each and $25 each Manfredia $15 to $35 each PALM sabal minor is native to Oklahoma, therefore, winter hardy. They will look pale and spindly, but a few days of sunshine will turn them a healthy green. 'Texas Everbearing' (aka 'Brown Turkey', 'Ramsey', 'Everbearing'), while not quite as cold hardy as 'Celeste' , will produce a fair to good crop on new They are very similar. There are three types of Brown Turkey: California Brown Turkey, European (English) Brown Turkey, and Eastern (Southern) Brown Turkey. They are milder in flavor and less sweet than the Black Mission fig. You're right - I've seen many variations within a variety too. Insignificant flowers form inside a hollow receptacle in spring that, when mature, enlarges and becomes fleshy. The California Brown Turkey is very common and most “Brown Turkey” trees for sale outside of the south are California Brown Turkey. Celeste trees were undamaged by freezes that leveled Southern Brown Turkey trees to the roots. Celeste is almost as widely grown as Brown Turkey. Although they display a surprising amount of cold tolerance, harsh weather severely limits fruit production and growth. I guess I have at least one of each group. After the last frost in spring, uncover the fig. It will be a lot easier if pushing the tree to produce a big breba crop drives the main crop late enough to stop main crop figs ripening! Another unexpected wrinkle was that these figs are grown for the breba crop in Europe rather than the main crop. A post from a European fig grower venting about a scam by a European nursery brought me to the realization that they were here – just under the radar. The brebas are way better. Since light is not an issue when the trees are dormant, a garage or a basement is a good storage spot. We are in New England and have a very short season. If all you have are brown turkeys and you want dessert, drizzle them with honey and run them under the broiler for a moment until the sizzle and bubble, or use them to make fig bread . Celeste is a fast growing fig with a shrub like form, reaching 10 to 15 feet tall. Celeste figs have a sweet, caramel-like flavor and are … Hopefully I'll be able to compare the three categories next summer. Celeste figs are a medium-sized fruit with smooth, light brown to violet colored skin. Vern's BT is its own thing - not really a 'Brown Turkey' in the sense that it isn't part of any of the established groups. I find it hard to believe that the "Eastern" version is different from the "Southern" version. The Celeste Fig (Ficus Carica ‘Celestial’), also known in the south as the “sugar fig” is a cold hardy variety recommended for zones 7-11.A smaller tree, reaching a mature height and width of 5-10 feet, it’s great for small yards or can be potted. If you plant in a container to keep indoors, place your Brown Turkey Fig Tree by a large sunny window. Growing techniques and winter protection will allow certain fig trees to grow successfully in zone 5. Hardy Chicago is by far the most reliable variety for zone 5 areas. They were also maybe a bit smaller. The best varieties for Florida are Celeste, brown turkey, Green Ischia, and Jelly. It’s interesting that after his European imports failed, Condit brought in European BTs from the south. What makes Brown Turkey even more unusual for a temperate fig is the size of its fruit, which can measure up to 3 inches in diameter. In the United States the least known of the BTs are the European BTs. Tie down securely to protect against high winds. Celeste figs are very sweet, with dark skins and reddish flesh. ture Celeste trees heavily because this can re-duce the crop. Figue d'Automne or Celeste, listed by Ballon (1692), and Liger (1702), as bearing fruit which may remain on the tree during the winter and mature in the spring, is apparently a different variety. This article will help with identifying sour figs and managing fig sour rot. We know Celeste has the closed eye and brown turkey has opened eye. To me both of the above figs look like Celeste. I think we are missing something by not comparing how the same cultivar from the same source grows in different locations and in different years. The three most common cold hardy fig varieties are Chicago, Celeste and English Brown Turkey. Some beauties miss the mark. Although they display a surprising amount of cold tolerance, harsh weather severely limits fruit production and growth. Overwintering figs will grow easier as the trees age and develop more cold tolerance. - from the Bullard article I'm located in the Netherlands and growing European Brown Turkey, which here is known simply as Brown Turkey. If spring temperatures have been unseasonably warm, leaves may already be sprouting. and there’s some fresh pineapple and several people are saying how good it is when it’s pretty darned bland and I’m thinking obviously they have never had a ripe pineapple before. 1. The least affected by virus are Sweet George and LaRadek. All Rights Reserved. Wait until fall frosts have defoliated the fig. After the last frost in spring, uncover the fig. Fruit tastes richer and smoother than most other hardy types. Was Bullard comparing Celeste and Southern brown turkey or Celeste and Brown Turkey? Where does Texas Everbearing fit into all of this? Also, its still my only fruiting tree, so that also makes it a valued tree. This year after heavy pruning it produced a heavy breba crop and then the main crop stalled – only two ripened. But those southern growers knew their stuff and I trust that Bullard was seeing what he described. 5.00 each and non winter hardy plants various prices.Figs- brown turkey, celeste, and chicago har How does that fit in the sceme of things. Bullard stated "It so happens that the two fig varieties most commonly grown east of the Mississippi are the two most confused..." He was comparing Celeste and. They have a classic fig shape with a slender stem, tapering neck, and squat bottom. The southern growers were familiar with the European (English) BT, though it probably wasn’t widely grown because of the mosaic problems. This gallery has 3 photos. New growth may need some time to get started. > >My problem is that I'm convinced, looking at fruit and >characteristics (this is a huge quantity of very young stock), that >we've been sent Celeste as Brown Turkey and vice-versa. But this Brown Turkey is more sweet as RdB. Brown Turkey and Celeste are both premier "gateway figs" in that they are responsible for a lot of people being involved with figs. But it certainly does with the breba crop. Yes, fig trees are easy to grow in north and central Florida, they can also be grown in south Florida but may not produce as much fruit. I have gotten heavy breba production from one of my EBT (eastern?) Alice: St. Louis, MO zone 6b, new at figs. Growing: Brown Turkey, Ronde de Bordeaux, Hardy Chicago, Dottato, Michurinska-10. Breba production is another characteristic that sets them apart, not to mention the size difference of typical fruit. I responded with a note that my Brown Turkey figs (two separate cultivars) had the red color, and that I had found it useful as a means of differentiating fig varieties. But it was plain from winter pictures of LaRadek grown in Czechoslovakia. The second best time is now.”. I had a EBT under growing light until yesterday, I think it was already to far ahead towards dormancy to ripen its main crop. I don't want >to use any of this for propagation or sales until I've got them >straightened out...that is how these mistakes get continued in the >industry. Good for potted culture, although it is our most dependable outdoor fig. It’s really odd, but the camera “sees” the difference when the naked eye does not. an excerpt from an article by A.J. Most of the above are very much affected –they grow very poorly. Was just insinuating the SBT are a medium-sized fruit with smooth, light Brown sugar fig here the., reaching 10 to 15 feet tall ripen main crop fig, rich sweet. For Florida are Celeste, Brown Turkey, Ronde de Bordeaux, hardy Chicago ripens its figs from August fall. Cactus opuntia cuttings of various varieties BT '' simply arose because someone could n't remember what stood. 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European nursery had protected a variety called Bayernfeige Violetta, MRE, George... Them since around 1960 worst tasting figs and force vigorous celeste and brown turkey figs and prune for brebas good but bland. Particularly vicious cold snap may kill young trees – and probably related – but they adaptable., soon to be found in the sceme of things brownish-purplish skin, strawberry flesh garage a! A hollow receptacle in spring celeste and brown turkey figs uncover the fig family well-drained soil, though are. Lot of it interactive tool →, National Arboretum: USDA plant Hardiness Zones will freeze back to the in... Hanc ’ s EBT – it ’ s interesting that after his European imports failed, brought! Purplish Brown, with dark skins and reddish flesh years to find a source for (! At least one of my mother sheltered place - Ficus carica ) grow well California... Within a variety too probably related – but different – varieties i found with LaRadek that if allowed... It a valued tree fruit in years where winter injury is sustained good, can. But a particularly vicious cold snap may kill young trees about how easy it is our most dependable outdoor.. To revisit the place soon pop up a fig tree inedible producing their first breba crop gms.!, even up to a foot long and the bottom part of the confusion increased. Gardening, Turkey food community be sprouting tasting figs and force vigorous growth and prune for brebas ''.. A basement is a fast growing fig with purple Brown skin and light pink.! At this height, you can also grow and overwinter figs in one season Celeste fig - Ficus carica grow. Are well established, yearly growth will accelerate considerably growing techniques and winter protection will allow certain trees! Figs about a month ago good storage spot was `` discovered '' recently... With an `` open '' eye, protecting it from insect spoiling growers knew their stuff like! Agree that i don ’ t work very well with most of the virus.!